Photography, especially aerial photography, has an exciting new aspect - Drone Photography. Using drones to capture stunning aerial photography images is not only much more straightforward and accessible now, but it's also lots of fun. With the costs of getting equipment for drone photography dropping fast, professionals and hobbyists are increasingly using drones for aerial photography.
What is Aerial Photography?
When you take pictures from any flying object, it is aerial photography. These flying objects can be a drone or even a kite. Other mediums which can be used are balloons, pigeons, helicopters, unmanned flying vehicles, fixed wing, etc.
Let's get started with how you can master the art of aerial photography using drones:
Finding the right equipment:
There is a vast range of drones (also known as quadcopters or UAVs - unmanned aerial vehicles) available now on the market. Consider these two factors when choosing the right drone for your aerial photography:
- The flying capabilities of the drone.
- The camera that the drone can support
How much does a drone cost?
As with all of the modern technology, there are a lot of options available, and it mostly boils down to how much you are willing to invest. The advanced drone models that come with lots of controls and are powerful enough to lift your DSLR costs anywhere near $6500 and upwards.
However, for most purposes, even including professional aerial photography, you would not have to spend that much. You can find good quality drones fitted with cameras under $1500. Some drone models also support attaching a GoPro camera.
In this money, you will be able to get a drone with 15-20 minutes of flight time and also have inbuilt technologies such as collision avoidance and return-to-home feature wherein a drone can automatically return to home if the battery is running low or if you lost sight of the drone. Typically, the inbuilt cameras will have the ability to shoot 4K videos and take drone photo of up to 16 MP.
You need to do a lot of research when selecting the drone you want to buy. The Phantom range of drones by DJI is the first choice for many, and the Phantom 3 series model is one of the top-selling drones and is very popular for aerial photography.
Most drones these days are quite easy to operate and can pretty much "fly straight out of the box." The learning curve is minimal - get the drone's battery charged, install the controller app on your mobile device, sync your domain with your mobile app, and start flying. You can control the drone easily with their joystick type controllers that use your mobile device as a viewfinder. It's almost like playing a video game, only its real and much more fun.
Getting started with aerial photography
While there are easy to fly drones available in the market, it does take some getting used to, to start getting good shots. Start slow in a vast open space - a park or even the countryside. Making sense of and getting your bearings on what your camera is seeing through the smartphone app can get a little getting used to. You can set limitations in your mobile app regarding how high or far the drone can fly and always keep the drone in the line of your sight. Experiment with angles and zooms and click away. You would have to review your results and experiment to develop your skills to achieve the best aerial photography results with drones.
Follow the rules and regulations of your area
Most cities, states and even countries have now drafted rules that govern how you can use your drone, the height to which you can fly and what you can / or cannot click from the sky. In the US, the FAA has laid out the rules for flying drones; You can check out the rules here.
However, many of these rules only apply if you are flying drones for commercial purposes (if you are doing an aerial photography assignment and getting paid for it, the rules will apply).
However, for the recreational use of drones, the rules are much simpler. You don’t need a permit, and there are no pilot requirements for recreational use of drones. You do however have to register with the FAA. Visit this page and register your drone with the FAA before you start flying. It's a pretty simple process and costs just $5.
- Make sure that you study the rules and check-up with local authorities before you start. Usually, the rules are along these lines:
- Make sure you can always see your drone which means that you should fly the drone to be in your Line of Sight (LOS)
- Typically the maximum permissible height is around 400 feet.
- Respect the privacy of other people. Do not click images of private properties.
- Do not fly your drones overcrowded areas.
- Do not fly your drone near airports or any other no-fly zones specified by the authorities.
Getting better at Aerial Photography
Mastering drone photography is a unique aspect that you can add your photography. Shooting from 400 feet up in the sky creates stunning and intriguing images that show our world from an entirely different perspective.
As you start exploring aerial photography, you will find that it follows the same principals of other forms of photography – getting the light right, finding that unique frame and creating visuals that are expressive and tell a story.
Here are some tips you can follow to get better at aerial photography:
Learn how to work with the limitations of your drone camera
Drone cameras are typically designed for shooting great videos, and most of them can shoot 4K videos. However, when it comes to taking still shots, they are no match to the DSLRs that you are using as a photographer.
Most drone cameras have tiny sensors just like compact cameras or camera on most high-end phones these days. These make their dynamic range limited, and low light performance is not excellent. The resolution is also typically not more than 16-20 MP.
Also, most drone cameras have wide-angle lenses with a fixed focal length. While all of this may sound limiting, in theory, you can take surprisingly good aerial photographs within these limitations. You wouldn't need low light performance as you would only shoot in the daytime (rules restrict the use of drones only in daylight) and since you are shooting from afar, depth of field isn't going to be a problem. Drone cameras are getting better and better by the day.
Fly low to take the best pictures
While your drone can fly as high as 400 ft, to make the best shots fly at a much lower height of 100-150 ft. Flying lower will give an interesting perspective and also establish a clear horizon for your images. If you want to take perfect top shots, then you do need to go as high as you can to cover the most area.
Start by shooting in automatic mode
As a professional photographer, you would mostly be shooting in manual mode with full control over all the factors. However, with a drone-mounted camera, it's better to shoot in automatic mode and to rely on camera's inbuilt auto-mode functions as the view mode you get in your mobile phone app is not an accurate picture of what the shot will be like. As you get more conversant with how the camera performs under various conditions, you can start using the manual mode as well.
Most drone cameras support 3-step bracketing. This is a great feature that you can use to get three options for every shot you take (an underexposed and overexposed variation along with the standard image). You can choose the best image later and can also blend exposures using post-processing software.
Since most drone cameras have only one aperture setting, you have limited controls over shutter speeds as well. You can control this somewhat by using neutral density filters that reduce the amount of light that gets into the camera lens, hence making the camera slower shutter speed. You can also use polarising filters to cut out the reflections or the harshness of the sun rays and get deeper, more vibrant blue skies.
Avoid your drone’s blades appearing in your pictures
Make sure you keep your drone's blades out of your picture frame. If you are careful, you can end up with your drones blades intruding in your photo frames. To avoid drone blades, keep your drone camera tilted slightly downwards.
Commercial Applications for Drone Photography
Be it a wedding photographer, a landscape photographer, or any other commercial photographer, drones add more value to your drone photography business and can increase your pay manifold. But before you enter the business side, find out what the drone photography rates are in their market based on the skill level, and set your prices accordingly. While creating stunning images of earth from the sky is it's own high and can be pursued purely as a creative art, here are some of the other exciting applications where you can become a professional drone photographer:
1. Real Estate Drone Photography
Using drones to undertake real estate photography can make you stand out from the crowd. Real estate drone photography is flourishing as the images captured through drones add a unique perspective to the real estate property being sold. Aerial real estate photography imparts a more clear understanding of the property and its neighborhood and increases the chances of the property getting sold quickly, manifold.
2. Sports / Motion Photography
It won't be long before drones would be used full-fledged in sports photography and motion photography after already making a great show at the Sochi Olympics. Drones in sports photography mean not only accessible pictures of aerial sports like ski and snowboarding but also a distant and clear view of all sports. Now, there isn't a need to fix multiple cameras on different location during a racing/sports event. A remotely operated drone can capture the moves of the sportsman at different periods. A great example would be Airdog. It has created the auto-follow action sports quadcopter for this very purpose.
Given the relatively low cost of drones (much cheaper than the costs of hiring a helicopter or airplane), drones are already changing the face of cinematography. The idea of drones is opening alternative avenues to crane/helicopter shots. Many filmmakers are excited about the future of drone technology, which would enable better cinematography. Read our article to understand what is cinematography and how to devise a visual language to tell your own unique story.
4. Aquatic photography
How does the seabed look? How could one capture the moments spent underwater with family? Ziphius, the aquatic drone has answered many questions. Ziphius is the first smartphone-controlled aquatic drone which comes with multifarious utility. And guess what? It not only enables you to click pictures and videos but also plays with you!
5. Studio lighting for photoshoots
Lighting up a photoshoot involves an array of tasks such as setting up reflector discs, flashlights, convertible photo umbrellas, and a lot of power cables. It can not only be cumbersome but also limiting because of the fixed position of the lights. The researchers at MIT recently discovered the portable and automated alternative to drones. A drone equipped with light could be used by the photographers and shifted according to light needs, merely with a remote. The invention has proven to be a boon to the photographer fraternity and ensured boundless creativity.
6. Wedding photography
Clients who are ready to pay premium prices, opt for drone photography services at their wedding. Drone wedding photography gives them a different perspective they are looking for. With new regulations coming out for using drones in wedding, the drone industry is on rapid growth. The new drones coming out in the market are well equipped to be managed in a limited space, and photographers are making use of that.
Drones are revolutionizing the very face of aerial photography services in every way. Though issues of legality and privacy plague the advent of drones, it'll be interesting to discover what new use-cases of the drones the future lays bare. So, expect to see lots of amazing images shot from the sky as photographers experiment more-and-more with techniques and grow their aerial photography business.
Do share your experiences about drones for aerial photography in the comments. Don't forget to add links to the images that you have shot from the sky!